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The attractive Choice for Investor -Free Cash Flow Statements

Today, we’ll discuss What is Free Cash Flow Statements and why it is important for investors to examine this before investing in any company based on fundamental analysis. It is one of the important parameters while doing your analysis but many retail investors missed it just because of a lack of financial awareness.

What does mean by Free cash flow :

The cash a listed company generates after taking into account the cash withdrawals needed to run its operations and maintain its capital assets is known as free cash flow (FCF). Simply put, FCF is the money that is left over after paying for expenses like payroll and taxes and can be used any way the company sees fit.

The capacity of a business to make a profit is useful for presenting a positive image to creditors and investors. When evaluating a business venture’s viability and growth potential, they take into account the company’s free cash flow position.

Different types of free cash flow:

1. Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF)

It shows a company’s Ability to generate cash that takes its capital expenditures into account. Usually, the cash flow produced by operations can be used to calculate FCFF. As an alternative, you could compute the same thing using a company’s net income.

The formula – is used to calculate it.

Cash Flow from Operating Activities – Capital Expenditure is known as FCFF.

2. Free cash flow to equity (FCFE)

Leveraged cash flow is the cash flow that is made available to the company’s equity shareholders. It stands for the total amount of money that a company can use to pay dividends to its equity owners. In contrast, businesses can use the funds for stock buybacks once all bills and debts are settled and reinvestments are taken into account.

The calculation of FCFE is done using the formula:

FCFE = FCFF – Net Borrowing – Amount of Interest (1-tax)

Different Ways to complete Free cash flow statements

Due to the fact that no two businesses have identical financial accounts, there are three alternative ways to calculate free cash flow. Given the data a corporation gives, the result should be the same regardless of the methodology employed. Operating cash flow, sales revenue, and net operating profits are the three inputs used to compute free cash flow.

  1. Operating cash flow:

The most popular way is to use operating cash flow to determine free cash flow since it is the simplest and makes use of two variables that can be easily located in financial statements: operating cash flow and capital expenditures. Locate the line item cash flow from operations (also known as “operating cash” or “net cash from operating activities”) from the cash flow statement and deduct capital expenditure, which may be found on the balance sheet, to calculate FCF

2. Sales Revenue :

Using sales revenue focuses on the income a firm derives from its operations after deducting the expenses related to doing so. The income statement and balance sheet are used as the information source in this method.

3. Net Operational profit :

it is similar to sales revenue but here operational capital comes under the picture for the calculations:

Importance of free cash flow statements

Free cash flow is regarded as a useful financial indicator for assessing a company’s competence and liquidity. A change in a company’s free cash flow frequently gives a clear indication of that company’s performance. Depending on the alteration, it either displays a favorable or unfavorable image of the company


Investors use the indicator of free cash flow to assess a company’s financial standing. It examines the amount of cash that remains after operational costs and capital expenditures have been taken into consideration. In general, a corporation is stronger and better able to pay dividends, reduce debt, and support expansion the higher its free cash flow.


FinYance, helping people in enhancing their financial literacy.


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